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COURSE_ASSIGNMENT_TITLE >> 19. 閱讀「無意識者援助法」。

無意識者援助法

對一個無意識者或甚至是長久以來處於昏迷狀態的人,我們可以使用一種叫作無意識者援助法的聽析程序來幫助他。 此援助法可幫助他與你以及他的周遭環境再度產生溝通,如此可讓他從無意識的狀態回復生命力。 這個援助法很容易學,也很容易應用。

理論

為什麼援助法有效的理論包含三項因素, 第一是注意力的控制與引導, 第二是地點, 第三是時間。 一個受傷或生病的人的狀況一直沒有改變就是因為這三個因素出了問題。 他的注意力未受到任何控制,他認為還停留在某地方,他不是處在現在時刻。他處在過去。 某人若想要援助法來幫助別人,他會遇到的問題就是,如何去控制一個人的注意力,讓這個人處在這裡以及處在現在時刻。 讓無意識的人觸摸他附近的東西,像是枕頭、地板或他自己的身體(但不要碰到傷處),就能幫助他去控制他的注意力並將他帶回現在時刻。 這聽析程序非常容易,但效果卻十分顯著。

步驟

1. 輕輕握住此人的手並告訴他:「我將要幫助你復原。」

2. 下這個指令「感覺那個_________(物體)」, 輕輕移動此人的手去觸摸物體,例如床單、枕頭、床等等,讓他感覺一下子。 不必等待他的回應,但確定給他時間去感覺那個物體 (不要誤信「無意識」的人無法思考或覺察, 一個精神個體不論身體機能是否在活動,很少會沒有意識。)

3. 給予他示意。

4. 給他下一個指令,然後移動他的手去摸另一個物體。

例如:

「感覺那張床單。」

(提供援助法的人將意識不清者的手放到床單上。)

(停頓)

「謝謝。」

「感覺那個枕頭。」

(提供援助法者將意識不清者的手放到枕頭上。)

(停頓)

「謝謝。」

以此類推。

5. 繼續下指令,然後將他的手移到下個物體上,並給予他示意。

6. 當對方意識清楚後,就以告訴他「援助法結束」來做結束。

當你處理一個昏迷的人時,可能無法在一個援助法聽析期間內就讓他重獲意識, 在這種情況下,你要注意的是當此人的狀況有改善時,就要結束此段聽析。 有不同的指標顯示有改善了, 像是他可能較輕鬆地呼吸、膚色改善、或是比剛開始聽析時看起來要好或感到更舒服。 你要仔細觀察像這樣的指標, 它們顯示出你已有所進展。 當一個昏迷的人狀況有所改善時,就告訴他「今天到此為止」來結束,並告訴他下一次你要為他做援助法的時間。

手勢系統

caption-assists-unconscious-person

對於無意識者可使用手勢系統,以便向他提出問題並得到「是」或「否」的答案。 手勢系統很簡單:就是將此人的手輕握於自己手中,好讓他也能緊握你的手, 告訴他:「你可以緊握我的手來回答我, 握一次表示『是』,兩次表示『否』」, 接著你問他一個簡單的問題來看看是否有了改善,像是「你聽得見我說話嗎?」 或「你知道你在哪裡嗎?」, 甚至是無意識的人還是會有回應,即使是很微弱的。 若沒有回應或得到負面回應時,便繼續援助法。

當你對一個昏迷的人施行援助法時,這個系統尤其有用, 假設你在援助法過程中發現此人的變化,像是眼皮抖動或稍微瞇眼時, 便可使用手勢系統並問此人「你覺得好點了嗎?」 或「你知道你在哪裡嗎?」, 若你發現他出現進步,便結束援助法,否則就一直持續至出現改善為止。

另一個使用此系統的例子是,對一個你已定期地給予援助法聽析的昏迷者, 在聽析開始時,你可以建立用手擠壓的手勢系統,並問此人:「你今天有好一點嗎?」 或「你比我上次來的時候好多了嗎?」 不論你得到什麼樣的回應(除了此人就在當時回復意識之外),你仍繼續進行無意識者援助法,直到此人在那個聽析期間中有所改善為止。

在開始援助法前你可能要控制一下環境, 比方說,若你在醫院中進行援助法,就要確定院方人員在你進行時不會打擾你。

當你使此人恢復意識時援助法便告完成。 這可能會發生地相當快,也可能會花點時間。 你的工作就是繼續做下去,讓此人在每次進行援助法時都有所改善。 當此人再次清醒時援助法便結束,但是你對他的處理不是這樣就結束了, 意思是說你現在可以著手進行其他的援助法動作和聽析程序。

這個簡單的援助法可以幫助一個無意識的人回復生命力。 當你正確施行後,所得到的結果會是個前所未見的偉大奇蹟!