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COURSE_ASSIGNMENT_TITLE >> 13. Прочитайте статью «Тренировочные упражнения по общению».

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ ПО ОБЩЕНИЮ

Итак, вы узнали о том, каковы компоненты общения и какова его формула, но как вы можете воспользоваться этим знанием? Как применить в жизни формулу общения? Как научиться использовать законы общения настолько просто и естественно, чтобы они практически стали частью вас самих? Как научиться добиваться успеха путём общения?

В Саентологии существуют упражнения, позволяющие каждому человеку повысить навыки общения. Упражнение — это метод изучения или тренировки; человек выполняет определённую процедуру снова и снова, чтобы в совершенстве овладеть каким-то навыком. С помощью этих упражнений по общению, называемых тренировочными упражнениями , или кратко — ТУ, отрабатываются различные части формулы общения.

ТУ первоначально были разработаны для того, чтобы обучать специалистов-саентологов применению технологии Саентологии, потому что для этого жизненно необходимо очень хорошее умение общаться. Однако способность любого человека управлять циклом общения и, вследствие этого, лучше общаться с другими можно значительно улучшить путём выполнения упражнений по каждой части формулы общения.

Выполняя эти упражнения, вы научитесь тому, как доносить свои сообщения до других, как полностью понимать то, что вам говорят, как быть тем, что называют «хорошим слушателем», как направлять цикл общения с другим человеком и как распознавать и исправлять сбои в циклах общения других людей.

Всё это — бесценные в повседневной жизни навыки. Независимо от того, какая у вас профессия и чем вы занимаетесь, способность легко и уверенно общаться жизненно важна.

Эти ТУ не выполняются в одиночку; найдите другого человека, который будет вам помогать, и выполняйте упражнения вместе. Это делается по принципу «смены ролей»: когда вы делаете упражнение, другой человек помогает вам приобрести навык, являющийся целью данного упражнения. Затем вы меняетесь ролями, и теперь уже вы помогаете другому человеку выполнять упражнение. Когда один человек работает с другим, чтобы помочь ему пройти упражнение, это называют работой тренера.

В упражнениях даны указания для занимающегося и тренера. Когда вы выполняете упражнение, вы — занимающийся, а человек, который помогает вам его пройти, — тренер.

Неважно, начинаете ли вы первым как занимающийся, а ваш напарник как тренер или наоборот. Вы с напарником по очереди принимаете роль то занимающегося, то тренера, и таким образом проводите друг друга через упражнения. Помогая друг другу проходить ТУ, меняясь ролями, вы оба можете научиться тому, как использовать цикл общения во всей его полноте.

Поэтому прежде чем приступать к выполнению ТУ, найдите другого человека, чтобы тренироваться вместе с ним, по очереди принимая роли занимающегося и тренера.

Очень важно, чтобы и вы, и ваш напарник прочитали и поняли все эти упражнения, прежде чем начинать выполнять их. Кроме того, после упражнений следует раздел, который объясняет, как правильно тренировать. Его также необходимо тщательно изучить и понять, прежде чем начинать упражнения, так как работа тренера — это очень точная процедура. Если вы хотите получить от ТУ максимально возможную пользу, то необходимо тренировать правильно.

Каждое из ТУ имеет номер и название, которые просто являются обозначениями упражнений.

Команды — это указания, которые произносятся тренером для того, чтобы начать, возобновить или остановить упражнение, а также вопросы или утверждения, которые используются при выполнении ТУ.

В каждом упражнении под заголовком «Положение» указано, как вы должны сидеть.

Под заголовком «Цель» в каждом упражнении сформулирован конкретный навык общения, который вы стремитесь приобрести на данном ТУ.

В разделе «Акцент в тренировке» описывается в общих чертах, как нужно выполнять упражнение, и отмечаются важные моменты, на которые тренер должен обратить особое внимание.

Раздел «Паттер» включён в некоторые упражнения. Он показывает, как используются различные команды и вопросы. В Саентологии слово «паттер» означает всего лишь «специальная лексика, используемая в упражнении».

Выполняя эти упражнения усердно и в точном соответствии с тем, что написано, человек может приобрести способность успешно общаться — причём каждый человек.